Echocardiography is a powerful imaging technique used to produce detailed images of the heart and its surrounding structures. It uses sound waves, which are then converted into images that provide precise information about the size, shape, and functioning of the heart. Additionally, it can be used to assess the performance of the heart’s valves, including detecting any abnormalities in structure or functioning. Echocardiography is also useful for determining the ejection fraction (the quantity of blood pumped by the heart at each contraction) which is important for evaluating cardiac performance. This non-invasive procedure has become an invaluable tool for both diagnosing and treating cardiac conditions, helping physicians accurately diagnose issues with minimal discomfort or risk to patients.